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Persian Poetry

Omar Khayam was born in Nishapur in province of Khorasan in Iran in the latter part of 11th century. He was considered "The King of Wisdom"; he died in 1123 AD. He is one of the most well known poets in the west and his poems are translated into many languages.

It is common for Iranian poets to take their name from their occupation. For example, Attar, "the druggist," Assar, "the oil presser," and Khayam means "tent maker". He was Omar the son of Abraham the tent maker. He worked in that trade at one time but he was favored by the king (Sultan), Malik Shah. Omar Khayam rejected the court life in favor of scientific studies and literary pursuits.

Khayam was famous for his rubai (quatrain) poems, also known as a mathematician, historian, and astronomer. He was an astroronomer royal who was appointed by Malik Shah to reform the muslim calendar which is compared to Pope Gregory XII's revision of Julian Calendar. Although there are debates about the life and poems of Omar Khayam, it is certain that he was a great mystic and was considered a sage in his time.

The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayam was translated by Edward FitzGerald, an English poet and translator who lived 1809-1883. Although The Robaiyat of Omar Khayam gained popularity slowly in the west, it became the most loved poems in English language.

Khayam Poetry
Khayam Old Manuscript
Khayam Tomb

Khayam books

Khayam CDs