Home PageWorldwide Airfare InformationPersian CultureSights to SeeTravel Information - Visas, Weather, Dress CodeHotelsTours InformationHome Page


Culture - History


History

DYNASTIES AND RULERS
(scholars differ at dates and rulers - we have provided two lists)

Median (700-549 BC)
Achaemenian (549-330 BC)
Alexander the Great & Seleucids (331-238 BC)
Parthain (238 BC-224 AD)
Sassanian (224-651)
(In 637 Arabs defeated Sassanian and introduced Islamic religion and culture into Iran).
Arabs & Iranian Intermezzo (651-1055)
(Samanids, Ghaznavids, Ziarids, Buyids)
Seljuq (1037-1157)
(In 1134, Seljug family divided into two branches, Toghrill III, the last of Seljug was killed in 1194)
Khwarazmshah (1077-1231)
Atabegs (1148-1287)
Mongol Invasion(1220-1335)
Interlude (Jalayirid, Mozaffarid, Injuid)
Timurid (1380-1501)
Safavid (1502-1722)
Afghans (1722-1736)
Afshar (1736-1747)
Zand (1750-1794)
(It took Karim Kahn Zand three years to gain control of Persia)
Ghajar (1796-1925)
Pahlavi (1925-1979) - Last Dynasty
Islamic Republic of Iran 1979 - Present
Proto-Elamite civilization (3200–2700 BC)
Jiroft civilization (3000–5th c. BC)
Elamite dynasties (2700–539 BC)
Kingdom of Mannai (10th–7th c. BC)
Median Empire (728–550 BC)
Achaemenid Empire (648–330 BC)
Seleucid Empire (330–150 BC)
Parthian Empire (250 BC– 226 AD)
Sassanid Dynasty (226–650)
Patriarchal Caliphate (637–651)
Umayyad Caliphate (661-750)
Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258)
Tahirid dynasty (821–873)
Alavid dynasty (864–928)
Saffarid dynasty (861–1003)
Samanid dynasty (875–999)
Ziyarid dynasty (928–1043)
Buwayhid dynasty (934–1055)
Ghaznavid Empire (963–1187)
Ghori dynasty (1149–1212)
Seljukid Empire (1037–1194)
Khwarezmid dynasty (1077–1231)
Ilkhanate (1256–1353)
Muzaffarid dynasty (1314–1393)
Chupanid dyansty (1337–1357)
Jalayerid dynasty (1339–1432)
Timurid Empire (1370–1506)
Qara Qoyunlu Turcomans (1407–1468)
Aq Qoyunlu Turcomans (1378–1508)
Safavid Empire (1501–1722/1736)
Hotaki Ghilzai dynasty (1722–1729)
Afsharid dynasty (1736–1802)
Zand dynasty (1750–1794)
Qajar dynasty (1781–1925)
Pahlavi dynasty (1925–1979)
Islamic Revolution (1979)
Provisional Government (1979–1980)
Islamic Republic of Iran - present
King Darius defeats his foe
Achaemenian King Darius
fights creature with lion head,
eagle wings and claws
Persepolis