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The game of chess as it is known today originated in ancient Persia, but the original game came from India.

Chess, known as chaturanga in India (in Persian is shatranj) came to Persia during the reign of Khusrow I (known as Anushirvan). Chaturanga was played on a board of 100 squares. The game chess familiar today evolved from this game to 64 squares.

In place of the queen was the royal advisor who always had to remain next to the king. The knights were horses, the castles were towers, elephants were the bishops, and the two spaces were occupied by camels.

Bozorgmeihr, one of the King Khusrow's favorites and a learned man of the time studied chess and mastered it immediately. Later, he invented the game of nard or backgammon.